High Speed Centrifuges
High speed centrifuges have a fast acceleration speed and are designed to work quickly and efficiently. Balance is important in all high-speed centrifuges, as imbalance can throw off the equilibrium of a spinning cycle. The load must be carefully balanced in order to prevent personal injury or damage to the machine.
High speed centrifuges use extremely fast acceleration for quick and efficient extraction, washing and separation purposes. They spin at a high velocity, creating a force much more powerful than that of gravity. The created force, that can be up to twenty thousand times more powerful than gravity, works with filters to pull the denser, heavier particles toward the bottom of the device and the less dense, lighter ones toward the top.
The most commonly used design for high speed centrifuge is the basket centrifuge, which is also called a swinging bucket centrifuge. The basket centrifuge works similar to the spin cycle of a washing machine. The basket inside the washing machine spins at such a high velocity that the majority of water is extracted from the materials. The water then travels through the small holes in the inner cylinder, or basket. This same concept can be applied to a multitude of applications.
An ultracentrifuge uses high speeds to create a large amount of kinetic energy. With this kind of speed, balance is extremely important. This process of separation or extraction involves a series of close cycles that are dependent on one another for the final product. Ideally, the final product will be well washed and have low moisture.
An imbalance of the centrifuge’s equilibrium, no matter how great or small can cause a dangerous amount of stress on the device. This stress may cause catastrophic damage to the machinery or personal injury to the user. Centrifuges come in all different shapes and sizes, from small laboratory centrifuges to large industrial centrifuges.
Most commonly they are made from metal, metal alloy or plastic. The rotor is normally powered by an electric motor. Centrifuges are typically used in the oil, food and beverage, waste water treatment and aerospace industries.